There are a lot of essential items to always have at hand, depending on your health, job, or location.
These could range from drugs to sanitary napkins, masks, sanitizers, inhalers, balms and what have you.
Our topic for today is the drugs that should always be in our First Aid kits or stay handy; should the need for them arise.
These drugs are easily gotten over the counter at pharmacies. While self-medication is wrong and really not advisable, but this list of drugs are okay to take before you can reach quality medical attention. We will look into the drugs, uses and possible reactions that can occur.
Go-to Drug list
- Painkillers: from paracetamol, panadol, ibrupofen, lofnac, , felvin etc. these brands are easy to get without a prescription but it’s necessary to discuss the most suitable option with the pharmacist, a good reason is ulcer patients shouldn’t take NSAIDS(Non-Steriodal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs); Ibrupofen and Aspirin are good examples of those.
1.a. Uses of Painkillers;
- Body pain
- Period cramps
1.b.Side Effects of Pain killers
These come mainly from prolonged use or use in certain underlying health conditions. Without all these conditions the side effects could still be there.
- Stomach bleeding
- Stomach ulcers
- Kidney and liver problems
This is a power drug, it has anti-microbial properties but for emergencies you need them to stop stooling. It is administered as a tablet of 200 or 400g depending on age/weight.
2.a.Uses of Flagyl
- Urinary tract infection
2.b.Side Effect of Flagyl
- Loss of appetite
3. ORT/ORS Oral Rehydration Therapy or Salt
What makes diarrhea a fast killer is the quick and intense loss of fluid and electrolytes. After much stooling and/or vomiting, take ORT, how it is mixed and administered is written on the drug pack. It is essential to drink slowly as drinking much of it at once upsets the stomach pH levels and can induce vomiting.
3.a.Uses of ORT/ORS
- Restore fluid lossed due to diarhea
3.b.Side Effects of ORS
- Swelling of ankles or feet
- Seizures etc.
4. Avomine (Promethazine)
This anti-histamine is used to treat different illnesses(nausea-related and others) but it is on this list because of its ability to arrest vomiting.
4.a.Uses of Avomine
- To treat allergy symptoms
- To treat motion sickness
- To treat nausea and vomiting
4.b.Side Effects of Avomine
- Stomach upset
This is not an advert for this product, neither is the product exactly for major health emergencies. However the ointment or cream is a must have as it tackles a plethora of skin related conditions .
5.a.Uses of Nixoderm cream/ointment
5.b.Side Effects of Nixoderm
- Feeling unwell
- Sensitivity to sunlight
These are very very essential. They neutralize stomach acid, they come in different forms; chewable tablets, suspension and powder form (example is your Andrews liver salt). This proffers a quick fix to some stomach problems.
6.a.Uses of Antacids
- To treat heartburns
- To treat indigestion
- To treat acid reflux
6.b.Side Effects of Antacids
- Fluid retention
Lastly some mentholated spirit to clean wounds.
- ALWAYS HAVE DICCUSSIONS WITH YOUR PHYSICIANS AND PHARMACISTS PRIOR USE OF THESE DRUGS.
- KNOW YOUR MEDICAL HISTORY
- STAY ALERT AND OBSERVANT TO CHANGES IN YOUR BODY
- ALWAYS SEEK MEDICAL ATTENTION IN CASES OF SEVERE REACTIONS